Who does what

We work with other government agencies to implement the ETS. See who does what and how we're working together to meet our climate change obligations.

There are a number of government agencies involved in the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme:

  • The Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) manages the administration of the ETS including compliance, reporting and market information and operates the New Zealand Emissions Trading Register.
  • The Ministry for the Environment (MfE) is responsible for leading the development, coordination and implementation of ‘whole-of-government’ climate change policy, and this includes managing policy development for the ETS.
  • The Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) administers the ETS for forestry and provides information about agriculture under the Scheme. MPI also contributes to government policy on climate change, including policy development and implementation of the ETS.
  • New Zealand Customs Service administers part of the synthetic greenhouse gas provisions of the Climate Change Response Act. They administer the Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Levy for the quantity of greenhouse gases inside imported goods (excluding vehicles).​
  • The New Zealand Transport Agency​ (NZTA) administers part of the synthetic greenhouse gas provisions of the Climate Change Response Act. NZTA administer the Synthetic Greenhouse Gas levy for the quantity of greenhouse gases inside imported vehicles.​

How the EPA administers the ETS

  • Industrial allocations: we allocate emission units to emissions-intensive and trade-exposed industries.
  • Emissions reporting and surrender: those who carry out mandatory and voluntary non-forestry activities under the ETS must report their emissions to the EPA annually. We make sure that everyone with mandatory obligations has signed up to the scheme, and ensure that all participants report their emissions accurately and meet their surrender obligations on time.
  • The Register: we operate the New Zealand Emission Trading Register (the Register), and so manage users, accounts, and other transactional aspects of the ETS.
  • Entitlements for removal activities: those who carry out non-forestry activities that remove carbon from the atmosphere, such as producing products that embed carbon, or exporting synthetic greenhouse gases from New Zealand, can submit returns to the EPA on a quarterly basis to receive emission units. We make sure people are given the right number of units to account for their activities.
  • Levy on importing synthetic greenhouse gases (SGGs): importers of vehicles and other goods that contain SGGs pay a levy for the quantity of gas imported in their products. We do not administer those levies, but we are responsible for monitoring compliance with the levies.
  • Delegated forestry functions: while the majority of forestry related functions are administered by the Ministry for Primary Industries​ (MPI), we are responsible for managing accounts, and processing unit surrenders and entitlements for forestry participants and allocation recipients in the Register. We also assess penalty decisions for late or missed surrenders and repayments.

Find out more about what activities are covered by the ETS

Read more about Participating in the ETS

Find out more about Industrial Allocations