LPG at home and outside of work

This page has information about storing liquid petroleum gas (LPG) safely in your home and other places outside of work, as well as information for LPG professionals working in homes and public places.

LPG is the gas that many people use for barbeques and heaters. It is butane, propane or a mixture of these two fuels. You can buy LPG in cylinders at the garage or DIY store. Some people have larger cylinders delivered for cooking or heating their homes. You can also buy smaller canisters for tramping or camping.

Understand the hazards

  • LPG ignites and burns easily
  • if it leaks, it can ignite and sometimes explode
  • it is stored under pressure in canisters and cylinders
  • LPG appliances can give off carbon monoxide if they are not burning properly, so make sure your appliance is working properly and is serviced regularly
  • ‘huffing’ or breathing LPG in intentionally can make you sick or even kill you

If you suspect someone is unwell or injured from exposure to LPG or carbon monoxide, call 111 immediately.

For more information about living safely with gas, see the WorkSafe New Zealand website

Storing LPG safely and legally Plus

The rules for storing LPG depend on how much gas you plan to store and where.

Find out more in our factsheet:

Storing LPG at home and other places outside of work factsheet (pdf 472kb)

Information for LPG suppliers Plus

Before you deliver LPG to a home or other place that is not a workplace, you need to make sure the site is compliant. You also need to take reasonable steps to ensure that the LPG cylinders you are delivering are safe for use, labelled correctly and will be located in a secure site.

  • If you are delivering to a site holding between 100 kg and 300 kg of LPG, you must check if the site has a valid compliance plaque before delivering the LPG. If it doesn’t, you must carry out a compliance check and issue a compliance plaque.
  • You must ensure sites holding more than 300 kg of LPG have a HSNO certificate before delivering the LPG.

For more information, see the guidance on the WorkSafe New Zealand website: Delivering LPG Cylinders

Information for LPG compliance certifiers Plus

The section is for HSW compliance certifiers who are approved to certify fixed-LPG installations. Here we explain the rules for certifying non-workplaces storing LPG. These rules have been in place since 1 December 2017.

For non-workplaces containing 100-300 kg LPG

A ‘HSNO certificate’ is not required. These sites are covered by a compliance plaque which is issued by the gas supplier and fixed in a prominent position on the site.

For non-workplaces containing more than 300 kg LPG

These sites must have a HSNO certificate issued by a HSW compliance certifier.  These certificates are issued under the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (HSNO) Act (not the Health and Safety at Work Act), and should include a statement similar to:

“This certificate has been issued in accordance with section 82(a) of the HSNO Act 1996. It certifies that the relevant requirements have been met for the location and substance as required by clause 28 of the EPA Hazardous Substances (Hazardous Property Controls) Notice 2017”.

Registering certificates and plaques

You should not enter certificates issued to non-workplaces into the WorkSafe Compliance Certificate Register. We keep a separate register at the EPA of HSNO certificates that are issued to non-workplaces. Instead, please email a copy of the certificate to us at: hscompliance@epa.govt.nz.  

The certificate must contain:

  • A unique certificate number
  • Name and approval number of the compliance certifier
  • Quantity of LPG at installation (kg)
  • Street address of the location where the LPG is held
  • Date of issue of certificate
  • Certificate expiry date.
Information for enforcement agencies for LPG compliance Plus

The guidance in this section is intended for territorial authorities with enforcement roles to ensure that LPG installations in non-workplaces are lawful.

  • Ensure that all installations at non-workplaces comply with clauses 26-28 of the Hazardous Substances (Hazardous Properties Controls) Notice 2017.
  • Sites containing 100-300 kg LPG must have a valid compliance plaque installed in a prominent position.
  • Sites containing more than 300 kg LPG must have a valid HSNO certificate.

Read the Consolidated Hazardous Substances (Hazardous Properties Controls) Notice 2017 (PDF 1.1MB) 

Any questions? We’re here to help Plus

Contact our Hazardous Substances Compliance team by email at hscompliance@epa.govt.nz

Freephone (within New Zealand): 0800 2255 372 (0800 CALL EPA)

LPG in workplaces - WorkSafe website

Gas safety - WorkSafe website